Welcome to the Kaw Nation

Fort Leonard Wood

Fort-Leonard-WoodNative American Consultation Meeting

Built in 1941, the installation includes the U.S. Army Engineer School, Chemical School, Military Police School, Maneuver Support Center (MANSCEN) and FLW Garrison.

 FLW’s 61,410 acres contains 584 prehistoric and historical archaeological sites, of which 317 are eligible for the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).

To date, FLW has 39 historic buildings and 13 major World War II POW stonework locations eligible for the NRHP.

Military training has had little effect on Native American sites at FLW. However, decades of looting of caves, rock mounds and rock art have taken place. Military training and FLW development have greatly impacted historic era archaeological sites, buildings and stonework.


Fort-Leonard-WoodNatural and cultural resource map layers — such as major streams, topography, endangered species and archaeological sites — have been used to create an environmental overlay for use by land managers and military planners.

The Integrated Training Area Management (ITAM) program integrates elements of operational, environmental (cultural resources), master planning and other programs to identify and assess land use alternatives.



Native American Consultation at Fort Leonard Wood

This meeting is the culmination of over a decade of consultation including formal correspondence: letters, Collections Summary, the FLW ICRMP, Martin Cave burial, archaeological investigations, and the Osage Claim.

Chronology of correspondence

July 1994 — Notification to Tribes (Osage, Sac and Fox, Otoe-Missouria, Arikara) prior to legacy investigations at Miller/Sadies Caves.
October 1995 — Submission of Collections Summary and notification of intent to conduct skeletal inventory to Dhegiha tribes and Sac and Fox and Otoe-Missouria.
1995 — Phase II summary to Osage and Sac and Fox with news release on mitigation and stabilization of Miller Cave.
1998 — Notifications of Skeletal Inventory and Cultural Overview sent to all Dhegiha Tribes and the Sac and Fox and Otoe-Missouria.
2002 — Submission of the FLW ICRMP to all tribes. Pertinent sections with archaeology, NAGPRA and NHPA noted in accompanying letter.
2002 — Notification of Martin Cave Inadvertent Discovery and Archaeological Site Treatment Plan to all tribes.
2003 — Notification of Phase II Testing at Martin Cave and other sites, and notification of proposed consultation meeting to all tribes;
2005 — Preliminary telephone consultation regarding meeting.
2006 — Response to Osage Claim in May 2006. E-mails, letters and request for re-submittal of Osage Claim sent to Osage NAGPRA representative in June and August 2006.
2006 — E-mails and letters sent to the Osage and Kaw informing them of loss of funding for Native American Consultation meeting slated for October 2006.
2007 — E-mails and letters informing all tribes of Native American Consultation Meeting in October 2007.
2007 — Letter inviting all tribes to Native American Consultation meeting.

Skeletal Inventory data

Minimum number of individuals: approximately 60
Human remains originating from 18 sites
Fort Leonard Wood: 220 cubic feet
Research potential:  osteology, paleopathology, DNA

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